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Space Missions

Space Exploration Missions [2021 List]

List of all spacecraft missions that resulted in a successful orbit or landing around a planet, moon, asteroid, or comet. A few notable flybys (like for Pluto) are also included. List also includes future proposed and planned missions.


Missions to the planets

Missions to the planets include orbiters, landers, and rovers. Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto only had flybys. We have landed on Venus and Mars so far.

      1. Destination
      2. Spacecraft
      3. Date, Status
      1. Ceres (dwarf)
      2. Dawn
      3. 2015-2018, retired
      1. Jupiter
      2. Galileo Orbiter
      3. 1995-2003, retired
      1. Jupiter
      2. JUNO
      3. 2016-2025, active
      1. Jupiter
      2. Europa Clipper
      3. 2020s, under study
      1. Jupiter
      2. JUICE
      3. 2022, planned
      1. Jupiter
      2. Jupiter Orbiter
      3. 2030s, under study
      1. Mars
      2. Mars 3
      3. 1971, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Mariner 9
      3. 1971-1972, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Mars 2,3,5
      3. 1971-1974, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Viking 2
      3. 1976-1980, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Viking 1
      3. 1976-1982, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Pathfinder
      3. 1997, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Sojourner
      3. 1997, retired
      1. Mars
      2. MGS
      3. 1997-2006, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Mars Odyssey
      3. 2001-2025, active
      1. Mars
      2. Spirit
      3. 2004-2010, retired
      1. Mars
      2. Opportunity
      3. 2004-2018, retired
      1. Mars
      2. MRO
      3. 2005-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. Phoenix
      3. 2008, retired
      1. Mars
      2. MSL Curiosity
      3. 2012-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. MAVEN
      3. 2014-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. ExoMars TGO
      3. 2016-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. InSight
      3. 2018-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. Hope Mars
      3. 2020-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. Mars Ingenuity
      3. 2020-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. Mars Perseverance
      3. 2020-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. Tianwen-1
      3. 2020-present, active
      1. Mars
      2. NeMO
      3. 2020s, under study
      1. Mars
      2. ExoMars
      3. 2022, planned
      1. Mars
      2. Cargo StarShip
      3. 2023, planned
      1. Mars
      2. Cargo StarShip
      3. 2025, planned
      1. Mars
      2. MSR
      3. 2026, under study
      1. Mars
      2. Crew StarShip
      3. 2027, planned
      1. Mars
      2. MOM 2
      3. 2924, planned
      1. Mercury
      2. MESSENGER
      3. 2011-2015, retired
      1. Mercury
      2. BepiColumbo
      3. 2025, retired
      1. Pluto (dwarf)
      2. New Horizons
      3. 2015, active
      1. Saturn
      2. Cassini
      3. 2004-2017, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Venera 9
      3. 1975, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Venera 12
      3. 1978, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Pioneer Venus Orbiter
      3. 1978-1992, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Venera 14
      3. 1982, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Vega 2
      3. 1985, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Magellan
      3. 1990-1994, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Venus Express
      3. 2006-2015, retired
      1. Venus
      2. Akatsuki
      3. 2015-present, active
      1. Venus
      2. Photon Venus
      3. 2023, planned
      1. Venus
      2. Shukrayaan-1
      3. 2025, planned
      1. Venus
      2. Venera-D
      3. 2025, proposed
      1. Venus
      2. Venus In Situ Explorer
      3. TBD, proposed



    Missions to the moons

    Missions to the moons include orbiters, landers, and rovers. We have landed on Luna (moon of Earth) and Titan (moon of Saturn) so far.

        1. Destination
        2. Spacecraft
        3. Date, Status
        1. Ganymede
        2. JUICE
        3. 2022, planned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 11
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 12
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 14
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 15
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 16
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Apollo 17
        3. 1970s, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Chang'e 1
        3. 2007-2009, retired
        1. Luna
        2. Chang'e 2
        3. 2010-2011, retired
        1. Luna
        2. GRAIL A/B
        3. 2011-2012, retired
        1. Luna
        2. ARTEMIS P1/P2
        3. 2011-present, active
        1. Luna
        2. LADEE
        3. 2013-2014, retired
        1. Luna
        2. Chang'e 3
        3. 2013-present, active
        1. Luna
        2. Chang'e 4
        3. 2018, active
        1. Luna
        2. Chandrayaan-2
        3. 2019, active
        1. Luna
        2. Chang'e 5
        3. 2020, returned
        1. Luna
        2. Astrobotic Peregrine
        3. 2021, planned
        1. Luna
        2. CAPSTONE
        3. 2021, planned
        1. Luna
        2. IM Nova-C
        3. 2021, planned
        1. Luna
        2. Astrobotic Moonranger
        3. 2022, planned
        1. Luna
        2. Masten XL-1
        3. 2022, planned
        1. Luna
        2. Astrobotic Griffin-VIPER
        3. 2023, planned
        1. Luna
        2. dearMoon Starship
        3. 2023, planned
        1. Phobos
        2. MMX
        3. 2025, planned
        1. Titan
        2. Huygens
        3. 2005-2010, retired
        1. Titan
        2. Dragonfly
        3. 2025, planned



      Missions to asteroids and KBOs

      Missions to asteroids include flybys, orbiters, impactors, and landers. There have been a few sample return missions as well.

          1. Destination
          2. Spacecraft
          3. Date, Status
          1. Bennu
          2. OSIRIS-Rex
          3. 2018-2023, active
          1. Didymos
          2. Hera
          3. 2027, planned
          1. Dimorphos
          2. DART
          3. 2022, planned
          1. Dimorphos
          2. APEX-Juventas
          3. 2027, planned
          1. Eros
          2. NEAR Shoemaker
          3. 2001, retired
          1. Itokawa
          2. Hayabusa
          3. 2005-2010, returned
          1. Kamo'oalewa
          2. ZhengzHe
          3. 2022-2024, planned
          1. Psyche
          2. Psyche
          3. 2022-2026, planned
          1. Ryugu
          2. MASCOT
          3. 2018, retired
          1. Ryugu
          2. Minerva II-1A/1B
          3. 2018, retired
          1. Ryugu
          2. Hayabusa2
          3. 2018-2020, returned
          1. Ryugu
          2. SCI
          3. 2019, retired
          1. Vesta
          2. Dawn
          3. 2011-2012, retired



        Missions to comets

        Missions to comets include flybys, orbiters, impactors, and landers. There have been a few sample return missions as well.

            1. Destination
            2. Spacecraft
            3. Date, Status
            1. Churyumov-Gerasimenko
            2. Philae
            3. 2004-2016, retired
            1. Churyumov-Gerasimenko
            2. Rosetta
            3. 2004-2016, retired
            1. Elst-Pizarro
            2. ZhengzHe
            3. 2022-2030, planned
            1. Giacobini-Zinner
            2. ICE
            3. 1978, retired
            1. Halley
            2. Vega 1, 2
            3. 1984, retired



          Missions to the Sun

          Missions to Sol, our sun, include orbiters only so far.

              1. Destination
              2. Spacecraft
              3. Date, Status
              1. Sol
              2. Pioneer 5-9
              3. 1960-2001, retired
              1. Sol
              2. Helios A/B
              3. 1974-1985, retired
              1. Sol
              2. Ulysses
              3. 1994-2007, retired
              1. Sol
              2. SOHO
              3. 1996-present, active
              1. Sol
              2. ACE
              3. 1997-2024, active
              1. Sol
              2. Genesis
              3. 2001-2004, retired
              1. Sol
              2. STEREO A/B
              3. 2006-2018, retired
              1. Sol
              2. DSCOVR
              3. 2015-present, active
              1. Sol
              2. Parker Solar Probe
              3. 2018-2025, active
              1. Sol
              2. Solar Orbiter
              3. 2020-present, active
              1. Sol
              2. Aditya-L1
              3. 2022, planned



            Missions exiting the Solar System

            Missions now travelling in interstellar space between the Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud. These spacecraft will take another 300 years or so to reach the inner boundary of the Oort Cloud, and another 30,000 years to exit the outer edge and on to the stars.

                1. Destination
                2. Spacecraft
                3. Date, Status
                1. interstellar
                2. Pioneer 10
                3. 1972-2003, Taurus
                1. interstellar
                2. Pioneer 11
                3. 1973-1995, Scutum
                1. interstellar
                2. Voyager 1
                3. 1973-present, Ophiuchus
                1. interstellar
                2. Voyager 2
                3. 1979-present, Pavo


              Last, but not least, SpaceX launched a Tesla Roadster (with Starman) on Feb 2018 into interplanetary space. It orbits around the sun between Earth and Mars. It is currently located in the constellation Aries, but at magnitude 25.75, it is much too small and faint to see in any telescope except Hubble.