2022 Astronomical Event Calendar
Also see list of upcoming space launches.
Jan 2: New moon phase
Jan 3: Comet Leonard perihelion
Jan 3-4: Quadrantids meteor shower
Jan 7: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Jan 17: Full moon phase (Wolf Moon)
TBA: SpaceX Starship maiden orbital test flight - Starbase, TX USA
Feb 1: New moon phase
Feb 16: Full moon phase (Snow Moon)
Feb 16: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Mar 2: New moon phase
Mar 18: Full moon phase (Worm Moon)
Mar 20: March equinox (15:24 UTC)
TBA: Relativity Space Terran 1 test flight - Cape Canaveral, FL USA
Apr 1: New moon phase
Apr 16: Full moon phase (Pink Moon)
Apr 21: Comet PANSTARRS perihelion
Apr 22-23: Lyrid meteors
Apr 29: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Apr 30: New moon phase
Apr 30: Partial solar eclipse NASA eclipse map
Jun 14: Full (super)moon phase (Strawberry Moon)
Jun 16: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Jun 21: June solstice (09:05 UTC)
Jun 29: New moon phase
TBA: Astrobotic Peregrine lunar lander launch - Cape Canaveral, FL USA
Jul 13: Full (super)moon phase (Buck Moon)
Jul 28: New moon phase
Jul 28-29: Delta Aquarids meteors
TBA: ExoMars 2022 Franklin Mars rover launch - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan
Aug 12: Full (super)moon phase (Sturgeon Moon)
Aug 12-13: Perseid meteors
Aug 14: Saturn at opposition
Aug 25: Comet 3P/Schwassmann-Wachmann perihelion
Aug 27: New moon phase
Aug 27: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
TBA: Psyche asteroid launch - Kennedy Space Center, FL USA
Sep 10: Full moon phase (Harvest Moon)
Sep 16: Neptune at opposition
Sep 23: September equinox (00:55 UTC)
Sep 25: New moon phase
Sep 26: Jupiter at opposition
Oct 7: Draconids meteors
Oct 8: Mercury at greatest western elongation
Oct 9: Full moon phase (Hunters Moon)
Oct 21-22: Orionid meteors
Oct 25: New moon phase
Oct 25: Partial solar eclipse NASA eclipse map
Oct: Asteroid Didymos nearest approach to Earth
TBA: Euclid space telescope launch - Kourou, French Guiana
Dec 8: Full moon phase (Cold moon)
Dec 8: Mars at opposition
Dec 13-14: Geminid meteors
Dec 15: Comet 81P/Wild 2 perihelion
Dec 21: December solstice (21:40 UTC)
Dec 21: Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Dec 21-22: Ursid meteors
Dec 23: New moon phase
Apogee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is farthest from Earth.
Conjunction: Occurs when two or more bodies appear close together in the sky.
Elongation: is the apparent angular separation of an object from the Sun. Greatest elongation is best for viewing as it is at it's highest point above the horizon.
Inferior conjunction: When planet Mercury or Venus pass between the Sun and the Earth.
Occultation: Passage of one object in front of a smaller one, thus obscuring all or part of the background object from view.
Opposition: When a planet farther from the Sun than Earth appears opposite the Sun in the sky. This is the best time to observe a planet as it is closet to the Earth.
Perigee: point in the Moon's orbit when it is nearest to Earth.
Stationary: Object appears motionless in the sky due to the turning point between its direct and retrograde motion.
Blue moon: Second full moon to occur in a calendar month.