Go-astronomy logo

Messier 42
Messier 42 Orion Nebula
Credit: NASA, ESA

M42 (NGC 1976) - Orion Nebula

Messier 42 (NGC 1976), also known as the Orion Nebula, is a diffuse nebula located in the constellation Orion, in the Orion Arm of the Milky Way Galaxy in the Local Group of galaxies. M42 is 1,350 light years away from Earth.

M42 is best viewed during winter, is magnitude 4, and can be viewed with naked eye. M42 is 65' x 60' in apparent size. For reference, the full moon is 30' (arc minutes) in size.

      1. Name:
      2. Orion Nebula
      1. Type:
      2. diffuse nebula
      1. NGC or IC:
      2. NGC 1976
      1. Magnitude:
      2. 4
      1. Viewing:
      2. naked eye
      1. Size:
      2. 65' x 60'
      1. Distance (light years):
      2. 1,350 LY
      1. RA:
      2. 5h 35.3m
      1. Dec:
      2. -5 23'
      1. Season:
      2. winter
      1. Milky Way location:
      2. Orion Arm
      1. Galaxy group:
      2. Local Group
      1. Contains:
      2. Trapezium Cluster

    * The naked eye can see up to magnitude 8 objects under ideal dark sky conditions.